To connect to our jupiter system from home you will need to use secure shell. This program can be downloaded at:
http://www.chiark.greenend.org.uk/~sgtatham/putty/download.html download putty.exe
To paraphrase the README file:
Secure Shell (SSH) is a program to log into another computer over a network, to execute commands in a remote machine, and to move files from one machine to another. It provides strong authentication and secure communications over unsecure channels. It is intended as a replacement for telnet, rlogin, rsh, and rcp. For SSH2, there is a replacement for FTP: sftp.
Additionally, SSH provides secure X connections and secure forwarding of arbitrary TCP connections. You can also use SSH as a tool for things like rsync and secure network backups.
The traditional BSD 'r' - commmands (rsh, rlogin, rcp) are vulnerable to different kinds of attacks. Somebody who has root access to machines on the network, or physical access to the wire, can gain unauthorized access to systems in a variety of ways. It is also possible for such a person to log all the traffic to and from your system, including passwords (which ssh never sends in the clear).
The X Window System also has a number of severe vulnerabilities. With ssh, you can create secure remote X sessions which are transparent to the user. As a side effect, using remote X clients with ssh is more convenient for users.
There are two versions of Secure Shell available: SSH1 and SSH2. This FAQ does its best to distinguish when the situation calls for the difference between the two.
Here is a good link to tutorials for ELM http://www.inebraska.com/help/tutorials/elm.html
(Linux) - Chapter 1
is an operating system?
of programs that control the computer system.
allocates computer resources.
various functions at the same time (concurrently)
Developed at AT&T Bell laboratories in 1969, by Ken Thompson at first just
run jobs in a batch mode since then it had many improvements. (multi-user). It
became widely available around 1975.
Berkeley Software Distribution
Linux is a free Unix-type operating system
originally created by Linus Torvalds with the assistance of developers around
the world. Linux is an independent POSIX (Portable Operating System Interface
for Computer Environments) implementation and includes true multitasking,
virtual memory, shared libraries, demand loading, proper memory management,
TCP/IP networking, and other features consistent with Unix-type systems.
In 1990, Finnish computer science student Linus
Torvalds turned Minix, a popular classroom teaching tool, into Linux, which is
closer to the real UNIX. Torvalds created the kernel, and most of the supporting
applications and utilities came from the GNU project of the Free Software
Foundation. Many programmers have contributed to the Linux/GNU system. VA Linux
Systems provides a Web site devoted entirely to Linux
is it popular?
Advances of hardware technology
(cost and can do with smaller systems what once could be done only with larger
Linux is written and distributed under the GNU General Public License
which means that its source code is freely-distributed and available to the
Linux is not just for Intel based computer. It has been ported to and runs
on the Power PC (Apple), DEC Alpha-based computers, MIPS-based machines and
Motorola 68K based machines. It also runs on multiple processor machines.
can UNIX run in so many machines?
It was written in C which is a higher level language, machine independent.
OF UNIX (LINUX)
• It has several hundred utility programs
• It can support many users
• It can support many tasks
• The system Kernel
The fundamental part of a program, typically an operating system, that
resides in memory at all times and provides the basic services. It is the part
of the operating system that is closest to the machine and may activate the
hardware directly or interface to another software layer that drives the
• File structure - The files are arranged under
directories. Also links allowing one file to be accessed by of two of more
names, making them easy to share.
• The Shell - A command interpreter that acts as an
interface between users and the OS. When a command is given, the shell
interprets the command and call the program. I can also be used as a high level
bash - is the shell, or command language interpreter,
that will appear in the GNU operating system. The name is an acronym for the
- is a C shell that features a scrollable command history list with interactive
editing. Tcsh makes it much easier to fix typos and reuse commands. In the
following sections, '%' is the Unix command prompt.
zsh - is
arguably the most powerful and configurable UNIX shell available. There are very
few, if any, things that other shells can do that zsh can not.
PD-ksh is a clone of the AT&T Korn shell. At the moment, it has most of the ksh88 features, not much of the ksh93 features, and a number of its own features
• Device Independent Input Output
and disk files all appear as files to UNIX programs. You can instruct to send it
the output to any of several devices or files (called redirection)
• Shell functions - Users can use the shell as
a programming language.
• Interprocess Communication - Unix
allows users to establish pipes and filters on the command line. A pipe sends
the output of one program to another as an input. A
pipe is a program designed to process a stream of input data and yield a
stream of output data.
• Job Control - Allows users to work on several
jobs at once.
• Advanced email system
mail, elm, pine
• Screen editor vi (full screen editor), joe,
• Graphical user interface (X-Windows)