Types of Employees

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Types of Employees in the Workplace

In this section, let's look at the different kinds of employees in the workplace....

Contents:

Full-time Employees

Part-time Employees

Temporary Employees

Leased Employees

Job Share Employees

Employees with Co-Employers

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Full-time Employees:

Workers considered full-time employees usually work 40 hours per week.  
Full-time employees most often receive employee benefits that may include
vacation time, retirement fund contributions, health benefits, sick leave,
and other benefits provided by the employer.

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Part-time Employees:

Employees who work considerably less than 40 hours per week are 
considered part-time workers.  While some employee benefits may
be provided, benefits are usually quite limited or reduced in 
proportion to the amount of time worked.

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Temporary Employees:

Temporary workers, often called "temp" employees, are workers employed
by a temporary service business.  Employees usually work for a short period
of time at different companies to which they are assigned. 

The workers are employees of the temporary business, not the companies
where the work is performed.  The temporary service pays workers' wages
and withholds taxes, Social Security, unemployment insurance, and workers'
compensation from paychecks like other employers do.  Some temporary
businesses, but very few, offer benefit programs - health insurance, 
retirement plans, paid vacation, and sick leave.

The types of workers most commonly hired by temporary services include
office and clerical support staff, technical workers, and professionals - 
doctors, lawyers, and corporate executives.

Temporary work arrangements often attract workers who desire work 
schedule flexibility, an opportunity to check out potential employers, and
a means of acquiring work experience and contacts for getting a foot in
the door at a desired company.

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Leased Employees:

Leased employees are employed by service firms that supply workers 
to client companies on a temporary basis.  Leased employees may be 
assigned to one job for perhaps a year or longer.  Leased workers are
hired and paid by the lease service firm, not the client companies where
the work is performed.

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Job Share Employees:

In a job share arrangement, two or more employees share one full-time
job.  For example, two employees might agree to work 20 hours each 
per week.  Benefits provided by the employer are prorated by share.
Many employers are now offering job share options to help retain
employees and increase worker satisfaction.

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Employees with Co-Employers:

This is a relatively new but growing trend among small businesses wishing
to turn over human resource responsibilities to Professional Employer
Organizations (PEOs)
to manage and handle.

In this situation, employees work for the small business, but a separate
company, a Professional Employer Organization, manages all the human
resource (HR) responsibilities, such as:

paychecks;

benefits;

the handling of personnel issues;

tax withholdings;

retirement programs;

unemployment insurance;

health insurance;

workman's compensation.

Approximately 3 million workers employed by small businesses are now on 
the payrolls of PEOs.  At the time of this writing, there is some confusion as 
to whether the employee "technically" works for the small business or the 
PEO which handles the paychecks, taxes, benefits, and so on.  

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