Recruiting and Work Placement Options
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When it comes to tapping into the pool of qualified workers with
disabilities, you'll quickly discover there are a great many pools!
Depending on your business needs and the nature of the work to
be performed, a wide variety of recruiting and work placement options are
available that cover a broad spectrum. The following will provide a brief
overview of the types of work placement options to help you determine which type
of placement will work for your company.
But first, let's look at the six primary ways workers with
disabilities can be recruited.
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The following recruiting avenues are the ones most commonly used
Job seekers with disabilities may simply make direct contact
to apply for open positions. Employers can post job opening
with agencies, organizations, schools and colleges, and at online job
developed for and visited by job seekers with disabilities.
Some job seekers with disabilities may work with a state
agency, such as the
state Vocational Rehabilitation Division, Commission for the Blind, or
Veterans Vocational Rehabilitation Services. Employers may receive
contact from the applicant or be contacted, on the client's behalf, by a
vocational counselor or placement specialist employed by the agency.
agency provides job placement assistance and support to both the client and
If you have a position opening, agencies can help match
Some job seekers with disabilities may work with a private
Employers may receive direct contact from the applicant or be contacted,
the client's behalf, by a vocational counselor or placement specialist
employed by the company. The company provides job placement
and support to both the client and employer.
If you have a position opening, private rehabilitation firms
can help match
Nonprofit Vocational Training Programs
Some job seekers and workers may receive job placement
training, and/or work opportunities from a nonprofit vocational training
program, such as St. Vincent de Paul, Portland Habilitation Center,
Tualatin Valley Workshop, Goodwill Industries, and others.
The program can help match qualified candidates to position
provide assistance and support to both the worker and employer.
programs also offer contract work arrangements to employers. The work
may be performed by qualified workers at the job site or at the program's
If you have a position opening, or have work needs that could
out, vocational programs can match qualified candidates and/or provide
qualified workers to perform contracted work assignments.
Some job seekers with disabilities may be affiliated with a
organization that offers job search and/or job placement support.
placement support and assistance to the client and employer varies
If you have a position opening, organizations can help match
High Schools and Colleges
Students attending high school or college may receive job
experience, internship placement, job search, and/or job placement
and assistance from school or college personnel. The amount of support
vary depending on individual student needs and the amount of support
the school or college is able to provide.
If you have a position opening or work needs, high schools and
can help match qualified cooperative work experience students, interns,
student trainees, student workers, or graduates. To recruit high school
students, contact the high school's Special Education Department or Work
Experience Program. To recruit college students and graduates, contact
Disability Services Office and the Job Placement Office at your local college.
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Work Placement Options
Depending on the nature of the work and the nature of a worker's
disability, work placement options may include:
A qualified job seeker independently applies for job positions
on his or her own.
Agency Support Placement
Agency personnel support the client through the job training,
and/or job placement process. The level of agency support provided to
client and employer will vary based on individual client needs.
include enrollment in college programs or other vocational
training avenues, or on-the-job (OJT) training.
On-the-Job Training Placement
Depending on the nature of the work being sought and the
needs, school or agency personnel may help facilitate on-the-job training
for clients at work locations. The level of initial training support is
short-term and will vary with each individual client. Actual work
provided directly by the employer. Clients acquire job skills through
work experience rather than through an educational training program.
Supported Employment Placement
Supported employment is a work placement arrangement by which
receives long-term support and assistance from a program or agency while
the client is employed. Workers may be trained and placed in community-
based jobs either individually or in groups (enclaves). The sponsoring
program provides ongoing individualized help and support to the client
Subcontract Work Programs
Subcontract programs and workshops are operated by nonprofit
organizations and companies to provide training and work opportunities
for individuals with disabilities. Clients train and work at the program's
onsite facility or
perform work assignments at business locations.
The nonprofit program works with businesses to help meet their labor
needs by matching workers to contracted jobs. Workers' earnings are
paid by the nonprofit program, not the
High School Work Experience Programs
A school district's Special Education Department or Work
Program helps facilitate and support onsite work experience for high
students with disabilities. Work experience coordinators or other
personnel work with employers and provide support and assistance to work
experience students. The length of placement may be short- or long-term.
College-Affiliated Cooperative Education Programs,
Job Placement Services, and Graduate Placements
Many colleges offer cooperative work experience or internship
enable college students, including students with disabilities, to gain actual
work experience in their major field. Students may seek out work
on their own or receive guidance from college cooperative education
specialists or program department personnel. Length of placement may be
short- or long-term. If the student is receiving college credit, the
will often be for a period of one academic quarter or semester.
Colleges also offer job search and placement services to
seeking employment and graduates ready to launch their careers.
As you can see, there are a variety of options and ways to
recruit qualified workers with disabilities who can help meet your business
needs. And support is available!
The next section will provide you with resources for making
recruiting connections in Oregon, Washington, other states across the country,
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